California Grand Juries: An Overview
Grand Juries are impaneled in every county in California. Article I,
§23 of the California Constitution states: "a grand jury shall be drawn
and summoned at least once a year in each county." Depending on a
county's population, a specified number of citizens ranging from 11 to
23 in each of California's 58 counties are empowered to investigate and
report on various activities of county and city government. The rules
governing the makeup, organization, powers and duties of grand juries
in California are found in the California Penal Code §888-939. Recent
changes in the Penal Code (§904.6, 1991) permit any county to have an
additional grand jury at the discretion of the presiding judge of the
Qualifications for grand jurors are outlined in Penal Code §893. This
section requires the prospective grand juror be at least 18 years old,
in possession of their natural faculties and have sufficient knowledge
of the English language. In Tehama County, each grand jury begins its
term July 1 and ends its service June 30 of the following year.
How the Grand Jury is Organized
The Foreperson is appointed by the Court at the impanelment; the
Foreperson facilitates the activities of the Grand Jury. Each Grand
Jury decides its own meeting schedule. It meets as a full body and in
committees, where the bulk of the work occurs. Each juror is asked to
be on two to three committees, and meetings usually occur at least once
a month. In addition, jurors meet with county and city officials, and
conduct independent reviews on matters of interest or concern. Each
committee reports to the full Grand Jury.
Conclusions are reached after study and discussion of the issues and
may appear as part of the Grand Jury's final report. To access current
Grand Jury Information and Grand Jury Report, please see: Tehama County's website.
The Benefits of Being a Grand Juror
The benefits of being a grand juror are many and individual. There is
the satisfaction and pride of doing an important job; there is the
experience of being a member of a respected panel, which has the unique
authority to see local government workings not available to the regular
citizen. Also, it provides an opportunity to make a difference in your
The Grand Jury receives complaints regarding all levels of local
government from allegations of misconduct by public officials or
employees to inefficiencies in local government. Any citizen may submit
a complaint by either completing a Grand
Jury Complaint Form or by writing a letter to the Grand Jury.
Complaints are treated as confidential. The Tehama County Grand Jury
Mailing Address is: P. O. Box 1061, Red Bluff, CA 96080.
How to File a Complaint
The Tehama County Grand Jury Complaint Form can be obtained in a variety of ways:
About the Grand Jury
- Via this website - click on the attached link
Grand Jury Complaint Form
- Via email request at: email@example.com
- By calling (530) 527-3946 and leaving your name and address
for a form to be mailed to you, or a form can be picked up at the
Courthouse upon request.
The Grand Jury is comprised of 19 members of the community. It is
impaneled annually and its term of service is one year. The Grand Jury
has a separate and different function than that of a jury and does not
hear cases in a courtroom. Instead, jurors review and investigate local
governmental activities within Tehama County. The Grand Jury examines
county and city governments, schools and special districts to ensure
that its duties are lawfully being carried out.
The Grand Jury is authorized by law to:
- Inquire into the condition and management of public prisons within the county.
- Investigate and report on the operations, accounts and records of county officers,
departments and their functions.
- Inquire into allegations of willful or corrupt misconduct of public officials.
- Submit a final report of its findings and recommendations to the Presiding Judge of the
To be considered for nomination, you must meet the following legal requirements:
- Be a U.S. citizen.
- Be at least 18 years old.
- Be a resident of Tehama County for at least one year immediately prior to the beginning
of your service.
- Possess intelligence, sound judgment, and good character.
- Have sufficient knowledge of the English language to communicate both orally and in
- Good health
- Knowledge of and interest in local government and community affairs.
- Skill in working productively with others in a group setting where respect and patience
- Skill and experience in fact finding, investigative techniques, and report writing.
You CANNOT BE considered for selection if any of the following is true:
- You are serving as a trial juror in any court in the State of California.
- You have served as a Grand Juror in any California court within the previous year.
- You have been convicted of malfeasance in office, or any other high crime.
- You are serving as an elected public officer.
In April each year, questionnaires are mailed to randomly selected
individuals throughout the County. Names and addresses are obtained
from the Department of Motor Vehicles and Voter Registration and
Elections. In June, a random drawing of qualified candidates is held in
open court and a new Grand Jury is impaneled to begin its year of
service on or about July 1.